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울금(鬱金), 강황(薑黃), 아출(莪朮) Curcumae Radix seu Rhizoma

울금(鬱金), 강황(薑黃), 아출(莪朮) Curcumae Radix seu Rhizoma의 화학성분


한약성분정보는 ‘운곡본초학 수재 한약재의 화학성분  2(김정훈 외, 도서출판 우석, 2016)’의 내용을 발췌 및 정리하여 게시하였습니다. 해당 한약재에 함유된 성분 중 이차대사산물(secondary metabolites)을 주요 골격으로 구분하여 제시하였습니다 (성분의 골격 분류 방법에는 다양한 의견이 존재함을 일러드립니다).

울금(鬱金), 강황(薑黃), 아출(莪朮)류 한약재의 기원 및 유통상황, 한방효능, 형태특징, 감별요점 등은 여기를 참조바랍니다.


written by : Jung-Hoon Kim. Division of Pharmacology, Pusan National Univ.

 

 

1. 울금(鬱金): 溫鬱金 Curcuma aromatica Salisb.또는 薑黃 Curcuma longa L., 廣西莪朮 Curcuma kwangsiensis S.G.Lee & C.F.Liang, 莪朮 Curcuma phaeocaulis Valeton의 덩이뿌리(塊根)

 

1.1. 溫鬱金 Curcuma aromatica Salisb.의 塊根

① Curcumin derivatives (curcuminoids): curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, bisdemethoxycurcumin

울금(鬱金), 강황(薑黃), 아출(莪朮) Curcumae Radix seu Rhizoma

울금(鬱金), 강황(薑黃), 아출(莪朮) Curcumae Radix seu Rhizoma

울금(鬱金), 강황(薑黃), 아출(莪朮) Curcumae Radix seu Rhizoma

1.2. 薑黃 Curcuma longa L.의 塊根

① Curcumin derivatives (curcuminoids): curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, bisdemethoxycurcumin

② Volatile compounds: turmerone, ar-turmerone, germacrone, terpinene, curcumene, ar-curcumene, curdiene, curcumol, cineole, caryophyllene, limonene, linalool, α-/β-pinene, camphene, isoborneol

 

1.3. 廣西莪朮 Curcuma kwangsiensis S.G.Lee & C.F.Liang의 塊根

① Volatile compounds: β-pinene, cineole, borneol, isoborneol, caryophyllene, camphor, β-/δ-elemene, humulene, α-terpinene, linalool, linderazulene, isocurcumenol, gweicurculactone

② Steroids: β-sitosterol, daucosterol

③ Fatty acids: palmitic acid

 

1.4. 莪朮 Curcuma phaeocaulis Valeton의 塊根

① Curcumin derivatives (curcuminoids): curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, bisdemethoxycurcumin

 

 

2. 강황(薑黃): 薑黃 Curcuma longa L.의 땅속줄기(根莖)

① Curcumin derivatives (curcuminoids): curcumin1, bisdemethoxycurcumin1 (p,p′-dihydroxydicinnamoyl methane), demethoxycurcumin1  (p-hydroxycinnamoylferuloylmethane), dihydrocurcumin

② Sesquiterpenes: curlone, turmeronol A/B, germacrone-13-al, 4-hydroxybisabola-2,10-diene-9-one, 4-methoxy-5-hydroxybisabola-2,10-diene-9-one, 2,5-dihydroxybisabola-3,10-diene, procurcumadiol, curcumenone, dehydrocurdione, (4S,5S)-germacron-4,5-epoxide, α-turmerone, bisacurone, curcumenol, isoprocurcumenol, zedoaronediol, procurcumenol, eiprocurcumenol, 4,5-dihydroxybisabola-2,10-diene

③ Volatile compounds (4.2%): ar-turmerone, curcumene, germacrone, ar-curcumene, cineole, terpinene, curcumol, curzerenone, curdione, α-/β-pinene, limonene, linalool, caryophyllene, borneol

④ Steroids: campesterol, stigmasterol, β-sitosterol, cholesterol

 

 

3. 아출(莪朮): 莪朮 Curcuma phaeocaulis Valeton 또는 廣西莪朮 Curcuma kwangsiensis S.G.Lee & C.F.Liang, 溫鬱金 Curcuma aromatica Salisb.의 땅속줄기(根莖)

 

3.1. 莪朮 Curcuma phaeocaulis Valeton의 根莖

① Volatile compounds: curzerenone (44.93%), borneol (4.28%), germacrone (6.16%), α-/β-pinene, camphene, limonene, 1,8-cineole, terpinene, isoborneol, caryophyllene, curcumene, caryophyllene epoxide, turmerone, ar-turmerone, curdione, curcumenol, isocurcumenol, difurocumenone, aerugidiol, furanodienone, dehydrocurdione, curcumenone, 13-hydroxygermacrone

② Curcumin derivatives (curcuminoids): curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, bisdemethoxycurcumin

 

3.2. 廣西莪朮 Curcuma kwangsiensis S.G.Lee & C.F.Liang의 根莖

① Volatile compounds: borneol, curzerenone, curcumol, α-/β-pinene, camphene, limonene, 1,8-cineole, terpinene, isoborneol, terpineol, caryophyllene, eugenol, curcumene, turmerone, ar-turmerone, curdione, linalool, β-/δ-elemene, humulene, isocurcumenol, curcumafuranol, gweicurculactone

② Steroids: β-sitosterol, daucosterol

③ Fatty acids: palmitic acid

 

3.3. 溫鬱金 Curcuma aromatica Salisb.의 根莖

① Volatile compounds: curdione, curcumol, α-/β-pinene, camphene, limonene, 1,8-cineole, borneol, isoborneol, camphor, terpineol, caryophyllene, eugenol, curcumene, zingiberene, curzerenone, turmerone, wenjin, furanodiene, (1R,10R)-epoxy-(-)-1,10-dihydrocurdione, curcumenone, curcumalactone

② Curcumin derivatives (curcuminoids): curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, bisdemethoxycurcumin

③ Steroids: β-sitosterol

 

 


1쿠르쿠민(C21H20O6 : 368.38), 데메톡시쿠르쿠민(C20H18O5 : 338.35) 및 비스데메톡시쿠르쿠민(C19H16O4 : 308.33)의 합 3.2% 이상 함유 [KP 11]

1curcumin(姜黄素, C21H20O6)을 1.0% 이상 함유. 음편에서는 curcumin(姜黄素, C21H20O6)을 0.90% 이상 함유 [CP 2015]

1총 curcuminoid(クルクミノイド)[curcumin(クルクミン), demethoxycurcumin(デメトキシクルクミン) 및 bisdemethoxycurcumin(ビスデメトキシクルクミン)]을 1.0~5.0% 함유 [JP 17]