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창포(菖蒲) Acori Rhizoma

창포(菖蒲) Acori Rhizoma의 화학성분


한약성분정보는 ‘운곡본초학 수재 한약재의 화학성분  2(김정훈 외, 도서출판 우석, 2016)’의 내용을 발췌 및 정리하여 게시하였습니다. 해당 한약재에 함유된 성분 중 이차대사산물(secondary metabolites)을 주요 골격으로 구분하여 제시하였습니다 (성분의 골격 분류 방법에는 다양한 의견이 존재함을 일러드립니다).

창포(菖蒲)류 한약재의 기원 및 유통상황, 한방효능, 형태특징, 감별요점 등은 여기를 참조바랍니다.


written by : Jung-Hoon Kim. Division of Pharmacology, Pusan National Univ.

 

 

1. 석창포(石菖蒲): 석창포 Acorus gramineus Aiton의 뿌리줄기(根莖)

 

① Volatile compounds: α-/β-asarone, euasarone, cis-4-propenylvaratrole (cis-methylisoeugenol), trans-4-propenyl veratrole (trans-methylisoeugenol), 4-allylveratrole (methyl eugenol), elemicin, asarylaldehyde, bisasaricin, α-/β-cubebene, caryophyllene, β-gurjunene, eremophilene, nerolidol, guaiol, gramenone, 1,2-dimethoxy-4-(E-3′-methyloxiranyl)-benzene, 1,2,4-trimethoxy-5-(E-3′-methyloxiranyl)-benzene, methyl chavicol, (+)-3,8-dimethyl-5-(1-methylethylidene)-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-octahydroazulene-6-one

창포(菖蒲) Acori Rhizoma

 

* A. tatarinowii Schott

① Volatile compounds: α-/β-/γ-asarone, euasarone, cis-methylisoeugenol, elemicin, asarylaldehyde, δ-cadinene, thymol, myristic acid, cis-/trans-asarone, β-caryophyllene, humulene, methyl eugenol, elemicine, cis-ocimene

② Phenylpropanes isoacoramones: epoxyasarone, (threo)1′,2′-dihydroxyasarone, (erythro)1′,2′-dihydroxyasarone

 

 

2. 장창포(藏菖蒲): 창포(菖蒲) Acorus calamus L.의 뿌리줄기(根莖)

 

① Volatile compounds: cis-methylisoeugenol, acoragermacrone, isocalamendiol, calamen, linalool, camphor, borneol, α-terpineol, copaene, β-elemene, methyleugenol, β-gurjunene, β-cubebene, calarene, shyobunone, isoshyobunone, epishyobunone, trans-methylisoeugenol, β-guaiene, cadinene, acolamone, isoacolamone, calacorene, elemol, δ-cadinol, calada-l,4,9-triene, α-/β-asarone, calamendiol, acoronene, acorone, acorenone, preisocalamendiol, calamol, calacone, epoxyisoacoragermacrone, γ-asarone, acoramone, asarylaldehyde, acoradin, galangin, 2,5-dimethoxybenzoquinone, z-3-(2,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-2-propenal, 2,3-dihydro-4,5,7-trimethoxyl-ethyl-2-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-indene, curcumin

② Triterpenoid saponins: 1β,2α,3β,19α-tetrahydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid-28-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)]-β-D-galactopyranoside, 3,22,24,29-tetrahydroxyolean-12-en-3-O-[β-D-arabinosyl-(1→3)]-β-D-rabinopyranoside

③ Xanthone glycosides: 4,5,8-trimethoxy-xanthone-2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-O-β-D-galactopyranoside

④ New isopropylbenzenes: 1-(p-hydroxyphenol)-1-(O-acetyl)-prop-2-ene

⑤ Fatty acids: myristic acid, palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, arachidic acid

⑥ Steroids: β-sitosterol

⑦ Flavonoids: luteolin-6,8-C-diglucoside